What is Obesity?
Obesity is a complex condition involving an excessive amount of body fat. Obesity is not only a cosmetic concern but also a medical problem that increases the risk of other health problems and diseases. It can cause diabetes, heart disease, certain cancers, and high blood pressure. The weight of an individual is a balancing act, and calories are a significant part of that equation. So, the individual can manage his or her weight by controlling the calories that he or she takes through food or diet. People can cut down their weight by burning more calories than they take. They can do that by reducing extra calories from beverages and food and increasing their physical activity.
When it comes to weight loss, people take it more comfortably, but it is not as easy as they think. It can be more challenging and harder to implement a practical, sustainable, and suitable weight loss plan. It doesn’t matter how healthy you are, the thing that matters is your fitness. And your health is making something wrong. If someone has any serious health condition because of weight, he can ask a doctor for weight loss alternatives and can take the help of medicines at the same time.
Medicines and therapies are essential and play an average role in weight loss, but the main crucial thing is your diet and exercise. So, if you are looking to burn some extra calories and want to lose weight, you should work on your diet and exercise along with medical therapy.
What drugs can I use to Treat Obesity?
Since Obesity is a major problem of this time, there are a number of medicines available in the market to treat Obesity. Prescription weight loss tablets are a type of drug also popular as anti-obesity drugs and diet pills. They are prescribed to an individual as an additional tool in the management of weight loss. These tools usually include a plan for lower calorie and fat foods as well as a regular exercise program. Most weight loss medications used to suppress the appetite is known as controlled substances by DEA (drug enforcement agency)
Currently available anti-Obesity Medications
Phentermine (Adipex, Suprenza, and Ionamin)
These are the oldest medications being used as a weight-loss alternative. Phentermine is an FDA-approved drug for short-term use. It is an adrenergic agonist that helps appetite suppression. This medication is available in four different strengths, which are 37.5 mg, 30 mg, 15 mg, and 8 mg. it can cause specific side effects such as insomnia, dry mouth, dizziness, and irritability.
It is also an anti-obesity medicine which you can take with meals. It is available in two different amounts of the drug, which are 120 mg (Xenical) and 60 mg (Alli). Its side effects can include flatulence with fatty discharge and fecal urgency after the administration of high-fat foods and others. Other medications can include:
- Phentermine and Topiramate extended release
- Bupropion and Naltrexone
- Liraglutide, etc.
How effective are anti-Obesity drugs?
The effects of such medications can vary from one to another. Sometimes, they even do not work for certain users. It is expected that one to two pounds of weight can be safely lost per week. Weight loss medications typically result in a 5 to 10 percent weight loss over 12 months when used as part of exercise and diet. For an individual weighing 200 pounds, this would translate into losing 10 to 20 pounds over 12 months, which will fall within the safe guidelines for weight loss. However, it is a small amount of weight but can be enough to lower blood pressure or have a positive effect on blood sugar.
Who should use anti-Obesity drugs?
Generally, most people with the overweight conditions should initially try to lose their weight using exercise and diet. Prescription weight loss pills are used in more severe conditions due to high pressure, like when weight loss has not been successful, and the individual has serious health risks associated with being obese or overweight. These anti-obesity pills are usually prescribed for obese patients with an initial body mass index higher than 30 kg per meter square or overweight patients with more than a BMI greater than 27 kg per miter squire in the presence of other risk factors including type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure, and high cholesterol.